21 Lessons for the 21st Century by Yuval Noah Harari

21 Lessons for the 21st Century by Yuval Noah Harari
21 Lessons for the 21st Century by Yuval Noah Harari

I think now I’m officially part of the Yuval Noah Harari’s cult after finishing his 3rd book and reading over 1300 pages of his material. His first book Sapiens was focused on the history of humanity. His second book Homo Deus was about the future of humanity. This one is about the present.

While in his first two books Harari sounds more academic, this book may come across as a self-help book helping us navigate yourself through the complexities of the 21st century. There are some reviews on The Guardian, Forbes, and The Washington Post if you like to learn more.

I think a lot of Harari’s readers discovered him because of this book, but may I recommend that you read the Sapiens and Homo Deus books first to enjoy a rich experience from 21 Lessons for the 21st Century.

The 21 lessons cover areas such as work, war, nationalism, terrorism, religion, education, and medication. As a result of automation, workers will not only end up working for less money but also become entirely redundant. Wars aren’t as profitable as before, and that’s one reason that we haven’t had any major conflicts since World War II. Nationalism cannot solve world problems such as global warming, poverty, and disease epidemics and that’s why we need entities such as World Health Organization, and United Nations so all countries can organize and share resources. How sugar is killing more people than terrorism, and how terrorists use their limited resources to stage a theater of terror and even change governments.

One of my most favorite lessons is how in education we used to focus on memorizing facts and information because access to information was limited. Today we have an abundance of access to information, but Facts are the needle in the haystack of misinformation. That is why modern education better be focused on teaching fact-checking skills and the ability to tell facts from fake news.

The last lesson of the book is on medication and taking a mindful approach to world events and ourselves. Yuval Harari spends a month of every year on meditation. As someone who’s been meditating fifteen minutes a day for the last four years, I recommend both meditation and reading this book.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks - Rebecca Skloot
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks – Rebecca Skloot

My good friend Jill got this book for me, and I finished reading it during the holiday season. Henrietta Lacks was an African-American woman who died of cancer. During her treatments, doctors and researchers harvested her cancer cells without her consent. These cells were the first human cells that successfully survived and continued to multiply in a laboratory setting. The HeLa cells, named after her initials, became one of the essential human cells in medical research such as the development of polio vaccines, a variety of cancer treatments, and research on the effects of radiation on human cells. Researchers in the space program sent HeLa cells to zero gravity and eventually to the moon.

All sounds wonderful, but not exactly! While Henrietta Lacks’ cells were being cultured, distributed, and even sold in large volumes to medical research facilities around the world, her family has been kept uninformed about the fate of their deceased mother, wife, daughter, and cousin. They were under the impression that Henrietta’s body was somehow still alive and subjected to various medical experiments.

This book is a first-hand investigation about the story of Henrietta Lacks, her family, and the medical ethics of the time. The author, Rebecca Skloot, goes to great length to document her interviews and observations with the Lacks’ family and the researchers who worked on the HeLa cells.

After finishing this book, now I can’t imagine having gone through life and not knowing about Henrietta’s story.

We are misusing technology

Technology ought to help people know themselves better and augment their abilities. Many free services today are built to hack and manipulate people rather than empowering them. They are value extraction machines to benefit a few.

Brief Answers To The Big Questions by Stephen Hawking

Brief Answers To The Big Questions by Stephen Hawking

Those of you who’ve read the books A Brief History Of Time and The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking, you know that he had an incredible ability to explain complex scientific topics in a simple language so the public could comprehend them. Brief Answers To the Big Questions contains frequently asked questions from him and some personal notes. The short answers are about ten pages long each, and for some, you may need at least first-year college-level knowledge of math and physics.

There is a chapter about whether there is a God or not. He doesn’t explicitly say that there is no God, but he explains why the presence of a deity and creator is redundant for a universe to come into existence.

Hawking’s books sound like philosophy to some; that’s because he strips them from his mathematical proofs and formulas. If you were ever wondering about the mathematical proofs, you could try reading his published papers instead. The rest of us with feeble scientific minds may just read his books.