Countercultures and subcultures may not represent the mainstream views, but they shape our worlds more than we can imagine. Jessa Lingel, a social science researcher, has been doing academic research on digital countercultures. Her book, Digital Countercultures and the Struggle for Community, discusses the body modification subculture, drag queens, and punk rock music scene.
The body modification community, at some point, had their online community. Yet, as the internet became gentrified by mainstream social media platforms, many of their members chose to publish content on platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter. Drag queens protested and won against Facebook’s real-name policy. While considering it a predominantly homophobic company, they continued to use Facebook and Instagram to post content for their audiences. The Punk Rock basement music venue organizers refrained from overtly using mainstream social media platforms and relied on DIY and ad-hock community methods of spreading the word based on the Ask A Punk principle.
This book is a fascinating read if you are interested in countercultures.